The gold strawberry is a popular perennial plant. These 3 varieties are similar and yet different in growth and bloom.© hhelene - Fotolia.com The gold strawberry (Rubus xanthocarpus) is a real wonder weapon. It grows as ground cover and successfully prevails against weeds there. Group planting is recommended. Gold strawberries are also called strawberry forest stones and belong to the genus of forest stones. This subfamily of the Rosoideae comprises only about five to seven species. The plants are all common in the northern hemisphere. With the Waldsteinia ternata there is only one species in German-speaking countries. Attentive hikers can discover the golden strawberry in the southeast of Carinthia.
- 1 Characteristics of the gold strawberry
- 2 ❶ Gold strawberry - Waldsteinia ternata
- 3 ❷ Gold Strawberry - Waldsteinie geoides
- 4 ❸ Gold strawberry - Waldsteinia fragarioides
- 5 An overview of the most popular gold strawberry varieties
- 6 types of gold strawberry: Similarities & differences
Characteristics of the gold strawberry
All species are perennial herbaceous plants. Forest stones form firm stems. The leaves in a rosette can be found on their upper foothills. The inflorescences protrude laterally. The upside down conical flowers have a small outer cup. The sepals are close together, but do not overlap. In addition to the yellow petals, the gold strawberry also has numerous stamens.
The plant was described in 1799 by Carl Ludwig von Willdenow and attributed to the genus Waldsteinia. The name is reminiscent of Franz Adam von Waldstein, an Austrian botanist. The scope of the genus is not clearly defined. Three types of the five to seven suspected varieties are now described in more detail.
❶ Gold strawberry - Waldsteinia ternata© parzelle94.de This gold strawberry is the most common in our latitudes. It is a low-growing species that reaches stature heights of up to 15 centimeters. Waldsteinia ternata grows abundantly and spreads quickly even on larger areas. The permanent bloomer is characterized by its intense golden yellow flowers. The flowers appear around April. The original home of this gold strawberry are light forest areas in Northern Europe or the Near East.
Waldsteinia ternata thrives preferentially on moist and humus rich soils. In the garden, this species is preferably planted under shrubs, but also looks great in a herbaceous border, as long as it stops the urge to grow. The plant is hardy and does not need any special protection.
Similar to the related strawberry, Waldsteinia ternata spreads through runners. This allows the plant to colonize large areas very quickly and other plants are displaced. The positive side effect is that weeds no longer have a chance.
This gold strawberry is extremely easy to care for. If you want to stimulate growth, you can supply the plant with conventional full fertilizer in spring or mix compost with the soil. The plant needs water regularly, especially on hot days.
" Tip: During the winter, care must be taken to ensure that the evergreen plants do not disappear under a thick mulch. An airy stand prevents rotting.
❷ Gold Strawberry - Waldsteinie geoides© Kanusommer - Fotolia.com This variety of gold strawberry is also commonly known as Hungarian root. The Waldsteinie geoides grows about twice as high as Waldsteinia ternata. The flowers also appear early in the year and have a golden yellow color. In contrast to Waldsteinia ternata, this variety does not spread quickly and uncontrollably. Although rhizomes are formed, foothills are not produced.
" Tip: These plants are decorative in a single position, but are not suitable for large-scale greening.
This variety has been known since the beginning of the 19th century. Waldsteinia geoides only thrives within Europe. The main distribution areas are in Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania or Slovakia. There you will find the plants quite often in sparse forests, in the shade of hedges and bushes or on mountain slopes.
❸ Gold strawberry - Waldsteinia fragarioides© skymoon13 - Fotolia.com This variety of gold strawberry cannot be counted among the early bloomers. The flowers only appear in May and the flowering period extends into July. It is a particularly low growing species. An average of ten centimeters is reached. The maximum height is 20 centimeters. The flower color of the perennial herbaceous plant is identical to the species just described.
" Tip: Waldsteinia fragarioides is able to form rhizomes as well as runners and eager to multiply itself.
The distribution area of this gold strawberry is in the east of North America. There you can find Waldsteinia fragarioides in forests and on more shady slopes. In rare cases, the plants are used as ornamental plants for groups of trees.
The most popular gold strawberry varieties at a glance
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Golden strawberry varieties: similarities & differences