The mulberry tree not only bears delicious fruit, it is also a gem in the garden. Here we reveal what needs to be taken into account when cultivating morality.© 13freetimes / stock.adobe.com If you have opted for a decorative mulberry tree, which is known for its tasty fruits, and planted it properly in the right place, sooner or later you have to take care of its care. After all, it takes up to ten years for such a tree to bear fruit, so that the first harvest can take place. If the maintenance is not correct, the tree may shrink in advance, so that you have to start from zero again. But what are the requirements of a mulberry tree, how do you care for it properly - and is it also suitable for beginners in the hobby gardening sector?
The mulberry tree and what makes the Moraceae
The mulberry family, also known as Moraceae, is characterized by growth of up to 10 or even 15 meters in height. The plant is represented by more than ten species and was cultivated and revered for its fruit centuries ago. Above all, a mulberry tree is characterized by the fact that it thrives best in a temperate climate and needs a warm, sunny summer. A sandy soil that is not too damp or even waterlogged is ideal for the mulberry tree - otherwise its requirements are rather limited.
The good thing is that the mulberry tree is not particularly demanding and can therefore be easily maintained. This in turn means that even beginners in gardening can get along well with the mulberry tree if they know about its few preferences.
|What he needs||+ peat-poor, sandy soil|
+ a little sun
+ lots of space
+ lots of water in summer
|What he can't take||- too much moisture or even waterlogging|
- drying roots (also to be considered in winter)
Maintain the mulberry tree - water, cut, fertilize and hibernate properly
With the right care ritual, a little effort and a green thumb, it should be possible to grow a decorative, appealing and charismatic mulberry tree, which over time also bears tasty fruits in abundance.
❍ Mulberry tree - how often to water?
The roots of the mulberry tree must never dry out - this also applies to the colder months of the year. Adequate watering is therefore mandatory throughout the year, in summer the tree should receive comparatively more water. However, it should be noted here that no waterlogging should occur - the plant cannot tolerate this very well. If the soil is not loose and permeable enough, a gravel drainage can be laid to allow the poured water to drain away more easily and to prevent it from building up at the roots and increasing the moisture too much.
❍ Do you need to fertilize the mulberry tree?
Whether you should regularly feed the mulberry tree largely depends on whether it is in nutrient-rich soil and whether it is already bearing fruit. In general, however, it can be said that with mulberry trees bearing fruit it does no harm to fertilize regularly - liquid fertilizers or compost are ideally suited to support the growth of the juicy fruit. If the mulberry tree, which is not yet bearing fruit, sits in nutrient-rich soil, fertilizing is not absolutely necessary. In any case, it is recommended to mix some compost into the soil when planting the tree to make it easier for the tree to take root and to take up the new location well. As you can see, the mulberry tree also proves to be very easy to care for in this category.
❍ Cut mulberry tree - yes or no?
As a rule, it is not necessary to cut or trim the mulberry tree. The tree not only grows strongly, but also quickly: the mulberry tree can achieve up to 40 centimeters a year. It may therefore be advantageous for one or the other holder to prune the tree every now and then, be it to make its crown more aesthetic, or to make it grow more evenly and make the harvest better. But how do you cut the mulberry tree and what should you watch out for so as not to damage the crop?
It is reassuring, especially for beginners, that the mulberry tree always forgives mistakes when cutting - because fruits and new shoots ripen from old trunk parts as well as from young branches. So if you accidentally cut too much, that's not a big problem for the mulberry tree - it will still grow, prosper and bear fruit. At best, you choose load-bearing branches that can mature to the strongest and carry other shoots for the best cut. They are selected by shortening branches that appear less stable on the trunk. Inward growing shoots should be removed if you want a uniform look and lots of fruit - this ensures that the light is evenly distributed.
❍ Cut the mulberry tree as a hedge
If you want to make a hedge out of the mulberry plant and cut it round, for example, you naturally have to limit its height and diameter. You can work with your own judgment here, since you won't do anything wrong with the mulberry tree when cutting. Even those who want to keep the mulberry tree in a bucket will find it more necessary to prune it.
Thanks to their robust nature, mulberry trees can be made into almost any shape, but are also considered a particularly decorative companion without being cut.
❍ How the mulberry tree can hibernate
When it comes to wintering, it depends on whether the morus was cultivated in a bucket or whether it has found a permanent place in the garden. If the latter is the case, it can usually withstand temperatures of up to minus 20 degrees Celsius - however, this only applies to mature trees. Young plants should be covered with brushwood in the garden for the first three winters. The plant hibernates even better with protection from jute sacks and garden fleece. The roots can be well protected with a thick layer of leaves and straw.
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If the mulberry tree in the garden is covered by winter protection, it should be removed regularly for a few hours - this will allow the plant to air and prevent mold or excessive moisture.
❍ Overwinter the mulberry tree in the bucket
If the mulberry tree was planted in a bucket and is also supposed to spend the winter there, the bucket must be brought into the house in the cold months. If you can't find the space inside, you can also place the mulberry tree in the garage or garden shed. It is only important that the plant may also need winter protection here: put on a little styrofoam, the roots do not have to fight against frost, the roots are kept warm by a layer of bubble wrap or garden fleece around the tub and a bit of twigs around the trunk and branches the rest of the mulberry tree can also withstand the cold temperatures. It is also important to note here that the winter protection must be removed regularly and, at best, renewed, whereby the plant can ventilate in between to minimize excessive moisture and prevent mold growth.
Mulberry tree also suitable for garden beginners
As you can easily see, the mulberry tree is also very suitable for beginners because of its very easy maintenance properties, who are not yet very familiar with gardening. Whether overwintering, watering or fertilizing - there really isn't much that you can really do wrong when keeping a mulberry tree. Only the moisture should always be taken into account, as waterlogging damages the tree - however, laypeople and beginners recognize this very quickly, which is why you don't have to worry, even if you don't have one yet green thumb Has.